Do you like the smell of flowers? If yes, then you would like to plant Arabian Jasmine in your garden. It is famous for its enchanting fragrance. Arabian Jasmine is also known as Jasminum sambac and sambac jasmine. It is also known as Mogra in India, Sampaguita in the Philippines and Melati Putih in Indonesia, and many other names.
Arabian Jasmine is a species of jasmine. This white flowering shrub is commonly found in tropical regions of the continent of Asia. It extends from the Indian subcontinent as well as to other places such as Central America, Southern Florida.
This is a small shrub. It is also considered a vine because of its shape and texture.
Properties of Arabian Jasmine
|Common Name(s):||Arabian jasmine, Jasminum sambac, sambac jasmine, Mogra, and so on|
|Scientific name:||Jasminum Sambac|
|Plant type:||A shrub as well as a vine|
|Soil condition:||Well-drained humus-rich and friable soil|
|Soil pH:||Between 4.9 and 7.5|
|Hardiness Zone:||9-11 USDA|
|Bloom period:||In the summer and rainy seasons|
|Sun exposure:||Full sun is ideal but compatible with partial shade|
|Water requirement:||Soil should be wet for a depth of 2 inch|
|Growth Rate:||Fast grower|
|Average landscape size:||It grows to a height of 3 feet to 25 feet depending on the climate and care and, 3 to 5 feet in wide|
|Diseases:||Root rot and Spot on Leafs|
The appearance of Arabian Jasmine
It has stems at the bottom. The oval leaves are green in color with a maximum length of three inches and up to an inch in width. So it will look waxy and feel smooth but smooth.
White-colored flowers grow in it. These white flowers are full of fragrance and this is also the secret of the popularity of Arabian Jasmine or Mogra. These flowers can be in clusters of 3 to 12. In most of their varieties, the flowers bloom from midnight till the first rays of the morning emerge. They are completely white when blooming. Then their color turns pink. Eventually, these flowers turn yellowish-brown in color and fall from the plant.
Traits & Characteristics of Arabian Jasmine
Sampaguita is a low-care shrub with lots of fragrance and beauty. Still, if you take proper care, it will be full of flowers throughout the year. This plant is evergreen and once planted, if it is well taken care of, it will keep giving you its fragrance for 10 years or more.
In this plant, the stalks are almost negligible. Arabian Jasmine flowers in summer and rainy season. But in other months of the year also you will see swell. Its white flowers are fragrant and bloom throughout the year.
You will be disappointed if you look for seeds to plant Arabian jasmine in your yard. It does not contain seeds. There are other methods you’ll have to use to plant it in your yard. Such as cuttings, layering, marcotting, etc. Its green leaves are oval and smooth. On the other hand, fragrant white corolla flowers produced in clusters of 3 to 12 bloom at the ends of the plant’s branches. Fruits also grow in this which is a berry and its color is purple or black.
Everything about Arabian Jasmine that you need to know
If Arabian jasmine gets any support or support, it starts growing like a vine. The same, without support, it starts growing in the form of a bush. There are very few plants that can become both a bush and a vine at the same time. It grows to a height of 3 feet to 25 feet, depending on the climate and care and whether it is a vine or shrub.
Mogra is such an evergreen plant whose flowers are very fragrant. Its varieties have been prepared for various purposes. Some are used to make perfume, some varieties are used for medicine and some varieties are also used for food or drink. Arabian Nights cultivar is a variety that has fragrance only at night. The other varieties will keep you drenched with their fragrance throughout the day and night.
Propagation of Arabian jasmine
If you want to plant Arabian jasmine in your garden, then you can adopt a variety of methods to plant its plants. But whatever method is adopted, if the time is of the rainy season, then the highest results are obtained. In this season only new plants of this shrub grow and spread. Most cuttings are used for propagation.
For this, you have to cut a small part of the old (mature) wood of this bush and plant it in the nursery. Cut a thin stem from the lower part of the already planted plant. Remove any leaves or flowers on those stems. Even if two or three leaves remain, there will be no problem. Then put it in a well-prepared earthen pot and add water to it. Keep watering it from time to time. It will make its roots.
You let it stay in the nursery for a year. During this period it becomes a small plant and after completion of one year, it will be ready for planting in a pot or your garden. With your care, it will grow slowly in a pot or the garden and fill your home or garden with its fragrance.
As another method, you can use ground-layering. When you are ready to plant Arabian Jasmine in the garden or container, then keep some points in mind. You should keep a distance of at least 1 meter between two plants. On the other hand, if you want to plant this vine in a container, you should use a pot that is at least 12 inches or larger. The container could be made of plastic, cement, or something else.
How to Grow Arabian Jasmine
(I) Soil requirement for Arabian Jasmine
Arabian jasmine likes humus-rich and friable soil. Drainage of water is important for this. When you are preparing the soil for this shrub, you should mix two out of three parts of loamy soil and one part of organic manure. This type of prepared soil is ideal for it to take root and flower. Soil pH for Mogra should be between 4.9 and 7.5.
Prepare the soil by mixing it well with manure and plant the plant after taking it out from the nursery. After this, do not fertilize the plant immediately. As mentioned, give it water to retain moisture. It is suggested to fertilize this plant four times a year. Do not fertilize during the rainy season.
(III) Hardiness Zone
For Arabian jasmine or mogra, the hardiness zone between 9 and 11 is best. In other words, Arabian jasmine should be planted between 20°F to 50°F. However, even if you want to put it in the John below 9, it will adapt to that environment. But it will require light and heat. Be it natural or artificial. One more thing, it will die in freezing temperatures.
(IV) Need for sunshine
It needs full sunlight. If you put it in the garden to get full sunlight, it will perform well. On the other hand, it can also tolerate partial shade. This means that even if you plant it on the side of a container plant indoors or a balcony or near a window, it will not disappoint you.
The thing to note is that it will not work as an indoor plant completely. Since it belongs to the tropical region, it needs 5-6 hours of sunlight or natural light in a day. It seeks warm air and it is an essential element for its survival. So if you are thinking of giving it a place inside your house instead of your garden, then keep these things in mind.
(V) Give Water
Arabian jasmine is a moderate water user. It flowers in summer and rainy season and during this time it demands water. If you have planted it in your garden, then like other plants in the rainy season, its water requirement is fulfilled and you will not need to water it. At the same time, if you have planted Mogra in a container, then you will have to keep watering it continuously till winter comes.
It does not like the accumulation of water and if it stays like this for a long time then it dies. So you have to take care of drainage.
Ideally, the soil below it should be moist to a depth of one to two inches. If moisture is present in the soil to this depth, then do not water and do not forget to water when the moisture is gone. You have to maintain this moisture throughout the year except for the winter season.
Stop watering it at the beginning of winter. After some time, the leaves attached to it will fall on their own. After that, you can trim it a bit if you want. This is the right time when you add organic manure to the soil under Arabian jasmine. Dig up the topsoil and make it friable and mix the compost well in it. Take care that the roots of the plant are not damaged nor do they come out. After applying manure, start watering it. By doing this, this flowering shrub gets proper nutrition for the whole year.
Arabian Jasmine (Jasminum Sambac) Varieties
Several varieties exist that differ from each other based on the shape of their leaves and the structure of the corolla. Their varieties include the following:
- Arabian Nights,
- Made of Orleans,
- Belle of India,
- Grand Duke of Tuscany,
- Suzy Mallige,
- Iruwachi etc.